Homeopathy lacks biological plausibility, along with scientific facts contradict homeopathy’s axioms. The postulated mechanisms of action of homeopathic treatments are both scientifically implausible and not physically possible. Although some clinical trials produce positive results, systematic reviews show this is because of opportunity, flawed research methods, and reporting bias. Continued homeopathic practice, regardless of the signs that it does not work, continues to be criticized as unethical since it raises the anguish of patients by discouraging the usage of actual medicine, with all the World Health Organisation warning against using homeopathy to try and take care of acute diseases like HIV and malaria. The ongoing practice, despite a deficiency of evidence of effectiveness, has caused homeopathy being qualified as a sham, quackery, or junk within the scientific and medical communities.
Homeopathy uses plant, many animal, mineral, and synthetic substances in its treatments. Homeopaths also use treatments called “nosodes” (from the Greek nosos, ailment) made from diseased or pathological products such as fecal, urinary, and respiratory discharges, blood, and tissue.
Homeopathy is a controversial subject. Several the main notions of homeopathy are inconsistent with essential concepts of physics and chemistry. As an example, it is impossible to explain in scientific terms how a treatment featuring small or no active ingredient can have any effect. This, in turn, creates important challenges to rigorous clinical investigation of homeopathic treatments. One cannot support that an incredibly dilute treatment contains what’s recorded on the label, or develop objective measures that reveal effects of incredibly dilute remedies in the body.
Homeopathy involves a process known by practitioners as “dynamisation” or “potentisation” whereby a substance is diluted with alcohol or distilled water and vigorously shaken in a process called “succussion”. Insoluble solids, like quartz and oyster shell, are diluted by grinding them with lactose (trituration). The founder of homeopathy, Samuel Hahnemann (1755 — 1843) considered that the procedure of succussion activated the “critical energy” of the diluted material, which successive dilutions increased the “potency” of the treatment.